Make the most of your contact time with your faithful friend.
Whether it be sharing the sofa or during the grooming routine.
Every moment you share you can be helping them.
By feeling for possible lumps and bumps you can help identify any concerns quickly.
A frequent skin check can also help you detect any other issues, such as fleas, ticks, and other skin conditions.
Your dogs skin can change over the years. When a lump appears on the skin, we are usually concerned, but it does not always mean cancer.
If you notice any lump or bump, see your vet.
Common lumps and bumps in dogs include:
Mast cell tumours
When a lump appears it is important to go to the vet as soon as possible, since the early detection of skin cancer improves the outcome.
Mast cell tumours are the most common type of skin cancer found in dogs,
representing 16-21% of all cutaneous cancers1.
Mast cell tumours are highly variable and cannot be diagnosed from their appearance alone. The classic mast cell tumour is going to be hairless, raised and pink to reddish, and they can shrink and grow over a short space of time. It’s really important to have any new lump or bump examined by your vet, since 1 in 5 lumps could be a mast cell tumour.
Some risk factors for developing canine mast cell tumours include: genetic mutations, age, breed, or chronic inflammation.
Some breeds are
more susceptible to mast cell tumours, including:
STAFFORDSHIRE BULL TERRIER
Shoop et al.: Prevalence and risk factors for mast cell tumours in dogs in England. Canine Genetics and Epidemiology 2015 2:1.
About 50% to 60% of mast cell tumours are on the trunk of the dog.
Other common locations are the legs, head or neck.
1.Withrow SJ, Vail DM. Small Animal Clinical Oncology, Elsevier Inc, Canada. 2007;402-421.
Initially, a lump should be evaluated with fine needle aspiration (FNA) and a microscopic examination of the sample. This can help the vet determine if there are tumour cells present or not.
Fine needle aspiration benefits are:
Simple and fast diagnostic test
Relatively low cost procedure
Usually it can be done without sedation